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naar dunnedarm-, dikkedarm-, endeldarm- en anuskanker.






Determinants of Physical Activity among Patients with Colorectal Cancer: From Diagnosis to Five Years after Diagnosis

11 december 2023


Physical activity (PA) is associated with higher quality of life and probably better prognosis among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. This study focuses on determinants of PA among CRC patients from diagnosis until five years post-diagnosis.



Sociodemographic and disease-related factors of participants of two large CRC cohort studies were combined. Moderate-to-vigorous PA during sport and leisure time (MVPA-SL) was measured at diagnosis (T0) and six, twelve, twenty-four, and sixty (T6 to T60) months post-diagnosis, using the SQUASH questionnaire. Mixed-effects models were performed to identify sociodemographic and disease-related determinants of MVPA-SL, separately for stage I-III colon (CC), stage I-III rectal cancer (RC), and stage IV CRC (T0 and T6 only). Associations were defined as consistently present when significant at ≥4 timepoints for the stage I-III subsets. MVPA-SL levels were compared with an age- and sex-matched sample of the general Dutch population.



In total, 2905 CC, 1459 RC and 436 stage IV CRC patients were included. Patients with higher fatigue scores, and women compared to men had consistently lower MVPA-SL levels over time, regardless of tumor type and stage. At T6, having a stoma was significantly associated with lower MVPA-SL among stage I-III RC patients. Systemic therapy and radiotherapy were not significantly associated with MVPA-SL changes at T6. Compared to the general population, MVPA-SL levels of CRC patients were lower at all timepoints, most notably at T6.



Female sex and higher fatigue scores were consistent determinants of lower MVPA-SL levels among all CRC patients, and MVPA-SL levels were lowest at six months post-diagnosis. Our results can inform the design of intervention studies aimed at improving PA, and guide healthcare professionals in optimizing individualized support.

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The impact on health-related quality of a stoma or poor functional outcomes after rectal cancer surgery in Dutch patients: A prospective cohort study

23 april 2023


As the survival of patients with rectal cancer has improved in recent decades, more and more patients have to live with the consequences of rectal cancer surgery. An influential factor in long-term Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is the presence of a stoma. This study aimed to better understand the long-term consequences of a stoma and poor functional outcomes.


Patients who underwent curative surgery for a primary tumor located in the rectosigmoid and rectum between 2013 and 2020 were identified from the nationwide Prospective Dutch Colorectal Cancer (PLCRC) cohort study. Patients received the following questionnaires: EORTC-QLQ-CR29, EORTC-QLQ-C30, and the LARS-score at 12 months, 24 months and 36 months after surgery.


A total of 1,170 patients were included of whom 751 (64.2%) had no stoma, 122 (10.4%) had a stoma at primary surgery, 45 (3.8%) had a stoma at secondary surgery and 252 (21.5%) patients that underwent abdominoperineal resection (APR). Of all patients without a stoma, 41.4% reported major low-anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Patients without a stoma reported significantly better HRQoL. Moreover, patients without a stoma significantly reported an overall better HRQoL.


The presence of a stoma and poor functional outcomes were both associated with reduced HRQoL. Patients with poor functional outcomes, defined as major LARS, reported a similar level of HRQoL compared to patients with a stoma. In addition, the HRQoL after rectal cancer surgery does not change significantly after the first year after surgery.

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Health-related quality-of-life trajectories during/after surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with colon cancer

25 maart 2023


This study aims to evaluate quality of life trajectory during the first year after surgical treatment in patients with resectable primary colon cancer.



Patients with resectable primary colon cancer diagnosed between 2013 and 2019 who received surgical treatment and adjuvant chemotherapy if indicated were selected from the Prospective Dutch ColoRectal Cancer cohort study (PLCRC). Health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) was assessed using EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire before surgery, and three and twelve months after surgery. HR-QoL scores varied between 0 and 100 and outcomes were compared according to age (< 70 years, ≥ 70 years), comorbidity (yes, no) and treatment type (adjuvant chemotherapy, surgical treatment only). The extent of resilience, defined as a recovery of HR-QoL to baseline level after a clinically relevant decline in HR-QoL at months, was calculated twelve months post-surgery.



For all 458 patients, the mean age was 66.4 years (SD 9.5), 40% were aged 70 years and older and 68% were men. Baseline level of HR-QoL summary score was relatively high with a mean of 87.9 (SD 11.5), and did not significantly differ between older and younger patients. The strongest decline of HR-QoL compared to baseline was observed at three months with a gradual recovery over time. Fourteen percent of all patients were non-resilient or showed a late decline at twelve months post-surgery. Compared to younger patients, older patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy were less resilient (respectively, 53 and 32%, p = 0.07) and at risk of a late decline in HR-QoL 1 year post-surgery (respectively, 3% versus 16%, p = 0.02). Comorbidity status had no significant impact on the HR-QoL trajectory.



Colon cancer treatment was associated with a decline in HR-QoL three months post-surgery, but most patients return to baseline level within twelve months. Still, particularly older patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy were less resilient and at risk of a late decline in HR-QoL. These data could help in patients counselling regarding colon cancer treatment.

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